Avalanche (AVAX)


The world of cryptocurrency is teeming with an array of digital assets, each with unique features and functionalities. One such digital coin that’s stirring interest in the crypto community is AVAX, the native coin of the Avalanche platform.

Avalanche is a decentralized, open-source blockchain with smart contract functionality. Unlike the more famous Bitcoin, it uses Proof-of-Stake instead of Proof-of-Work.

As a relatively new entrant, Avalanche offers a fresh approach to decentralized finance (DeFi) and smart contracts. In this article, we will delve into AVAX and the Avalanche ecosystem, exploring its key features, how it works, and its potential impact on the crypto space.

avalanche coin avax

Understanding AVAX

The Avalanche coin, also known as AVAX, is the native token of Avalanche, an open-source platform aiming to bridge the gap between fragmented blockchain ecosystems. Launched by Ava Labs in September 2020, Avalanche goes beyond the capabilities of traditional smart contract platforms, introducing a new family of consensus protocols to deliver high performance, robust security measures and a seamless approach to building custom blockchain networks.

Short Facts About Avalance and AVAX

Original authors: Emin Gün Sirer, Kevin Sekniqi, Maofan “Ted” Yin

Developer: AvaLabs

White paper: Avalabs.org/whitepapers

Written in: Go, TypeScript, JavaScript, Python, Vue

Source model: Open-source

Code repository: Github.com/ava-labs

Ledger: Explorer.avax.network

Initial release: September 23, 2020

Native token: AVAX (Avalanche coin)

Website: Ava.network

Key Features of Avalanche and the Avalanche Coin (AVAX)

1. High Scalability: Avalanche stands out in the crypto market due to its high scalability. It is capable of processing up to 4,500 transactions per second, which significantly surpasses the transaction capacities of traditional systems like Bitcoin and Ethereum.

2. Interoperability: One of the main attractions of AVAX is its interoperability. With Avalanche, you can build your blockchain and customize it to your specific needs, and at the same time, make it interoperable with other Avalanche chains.

3. Robust Security: Avalanche provides a strong security measure through its innovative consensus protocol. It is designed to be resilient to so-called 51% attacks, a common threat to blockchain systems.

4. Low Transaction Fees: Avalanche offers lower transaction fees compared to many of its counterparts. This affordability makes it an attractive option for DeFi applications.

How Do Avalanche and AVAX Work?

The functionality of Avalanche coin is closely tied to the operation of the Avalanche network. The network operates on a unique consensus protocol known as the Avalanche protocol. The protocol employs a ‘subsample’ of the network to confirm transactions, enabling quick transaction validation. Moreover, it uses a “proof-of-stake” system, where users who hold and validate transactions on the network are rewarded with AVAX coins.

The AVAX coin serves multiple purposes within the Avalanche platform. It’s not only used to pay for transaction fees but also as a staking mechanism for network security. Additionally, it is used in the governance of the network, whereby coin holders can vote on different proposals.

Background and history


Avalanche was originally developed as a protocol for solving consensus in a network of unreliable machines where failures may be crash-fault or Byzantine. In May 2018, the fundamentals of the new protocol was made available on the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) by an anonymous person or persons calling themselves “Team Rocket”.

Later, the continued development of Avalanche was carried out by researchers from Cornell University, a team spearheaded by Emin Gün Sirer and the doctoral students Maofan “Ted” Yin and Kevin Sekniqi.

The next step was to establish a startup tech company and develop a blockchain network that could meet the requirements of the finance industry.


The AVA codebase (Developer Accelerator Program or AVA DAP) for the Avalanche consensus protocol was released as open-sourc in March 2020.

The native token AVAX was issued on X-Chain in September 2020.

Examples of notable milestones

September 2021: The Ava Labs Foundation sold AVAX cryptocurrency for 230 million USD to a group, consisting of Polychain and Three Arrows Capital, who wished to support the project.

November 2021: The Avalanche blockchain became one of the Top-10 cryptocurrencies in the world by market capitalization.

August 2022: The whistleblower Crypto Leaks released a report, claiming that Ava Labs had secret dealings with the law firm Roche Freedmen with the goal of destabilizing Avalanche’s competitors. Ava Labs denied any illegal or unetheical deals.

January 2023: Avalanche announced their partnership with Amazon Web Services (AWS). The aim of the partnership is to improve the Avalanche infrastructure and ecosystem.

Potential Impact on the Crypto Space

Avalanche coin has the potential to revolutionize the cryptocurrency space due to its high scalability, interoperability, and security. It paves the way for the development of a multitude of blockchain applications across various sectors, ranging from DeFi to gaming, supply chain, and more. With these capabilities, Avalanche holds the promise of propelling the blockchain industry to new heights. 

While the Avalanche coin is still in its early stages, its innovative approach to blockchain technology sets it apart from many other digital currencies. Its ability to provide fast, secure, and low-cost transactions makes it an attractive option for both developers and investors.

As with any other asset, investing in Avalanche coin comes with its own risks. Therefore, potential investors should conduct thorough research before diving into this.